The disability rights movement has a long and rich history, dating back to the 1960s and 1970s when people with disabilities began to organize and advocate for their rights. The movement was influenced by the civil rights movement and sought to bring attention to the discrimination and exclusion faced by people with disabilities.

One of the key milestones in the disability rights movement was the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990. The ADA is a federal law that prohibits discrimination based on disability in employment, housing, public accommodations, transportation, and other areas of life.

Another important piece of legislation for people with disabilities is the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which provides federal funding for rehabilitation services and prohibits discrimination based on disability in programs receiving federal funds.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was passed in 1975 and ensures that children with disabilities have access to a free and appropriate public education. IDEA provides for individualized education plans (IEPs) that outline the support and services needed for each student with a disability to succeed in school.

In addition to these federal laws, many states have passed their own disability rights laws, providing additional protections and rights to people with disabilities.

Under the law, people with disabilities have the right to:

  1. Equal opportunity in employment: Employers must provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities, unless it would cause an undue hardship.
  2. Accessible public accommodations: Businesses and organizations must make reasonable modifications to ensure accessibility for people with disabilities.
  3. Accessible housing: Landlords must make reasonable modifications to rental units to ensure accessibility for tenants with disabilities.
  4. Accessible transportation: Public transportation providers must make reasonable modifications to ensure accessibility for people with disabilities.
  5. Access to information and communication: Businesses and organizations must provide accessible information and communication for people with disabilities.

Overall, the disability rights movement has made significant progress in ensuring equal rights and protections for people with disabilities under the law. However, there is still work to be done to ensure that these rights are fully realized and that people with disabilities can fully participate in all aspects of society.

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